Cindra Kamphoff, Ph.D.

Professor and Certified Mental Performance Consultant (CMPC #297)

Cindra Kamphoff


  • Sheldon, Iowa

Previous Education

  • B.S. from the University of Northern Iowa (Psychology)
  • M.S. from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Sport and Exercise Psychology)
  • Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Sport and Exercise Psychology)

About Dr. Kamphoff

Dr. Cindra Kamphoff (pronounced Camp-off) is the Director of The Center of Sport and Performance Psychology and Professor in Sport & Performance Psychology at Minnesota State University. Her work has been featured in the the New York Times, ESPN the Magazine, and Runner's World Magazine. She is also a member of the Runner's World Magazine Advisory Board.

Dr. Kamphoff completed her Ph.D. in Sport and Performance Psychology and is a leader in her field, serving 3 years on the Executive Board of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, the premier organization in her field.

Research in Sport and Psychology

Dr. Kamphoff recently is published her first book, Beyond Grit: Ten Powerful Practices to Gain the High Performance Edge, which is an Amazon Bestseller.

Dr. Kamphoff's general research line focuses on two areas: 1) the psychology of running and marathoning, and 2) gender and cultural diversity in sport and physical activity. She has published 18 research manuscripts, 7 book chapters, and has received over $175,000 in grants. Her research has been published in various journals including the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, The Journal of Intercollegiate Athletics, and The International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching.

Consulting Experience

Dr. Kamphoff has roughly 20 years of experience consulting with athletes, teams, and coaches at all levels (youth, high school, university, professional, etc.). She is a Certified Mental Performance Consultant (#297) with the Association for Applied Sport Psychology.

Dr. Kamphoff, along with faculty in the Department of Psychology, Theatre, and Music, started the Center for Sport and Performance Psychology that opened in University Square in January 2013. As one of the few centers of it's kind in the US, the Center is working to make a national impact as well as help performers reach their potential in the state and local community.

At The Center, the graduate students work with Maverick athletes as well as high school athletes in the state of Minnesota.

Cindra at The Center opening

She also operates her own sport psychology consulting practice ( and started the Mankato Marathon Sport Psych Team which she received the Visit Mankato's Volunteer of the Year Award for in 2015. She has a podcast called the High Performance Mindset available on Itunes, Sticher Radio and iHeartRadio.

Professional Contributions and Honors

Dr. Kamphoff received the Dorothy Harris Award from AASP which recognizes the significant contributions of a young professional in the field.

She served as the Research and Practice Division Head with the Association for Applied Sport Psychology and served on the editorial board of the International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching. She also received the NASPE Sport and Exercise Psychology Dissertation Award.

In 2015, she received Visit Mankato's Volunteer of the Year Award for the sport and performance psychology work she does in the community.

Sport/Leisure Interests

Dr. Kamphoff is a competitive marathoner and in 2012 she won Omaha Marathon. She has run the Boston Marathon 5 times and over 15 marathons.

Below are pictures of Dr. Kamphoff after finishing her regular "150 Seconds of Success" Segment on KEYC, after finishing the Twin Cities Marathon, and presenting a workshop to a college football team.

Cindra on KEYC

Cindra at Twin Cities Marathon

Cindra presenting to a football team

Selected Research Projects In Progress

Kamphoff, C. S., & LaVoi, N. Females in Positions of Power in Interscholastic Sport. Project funded by a Minnesota State University, Mankato Faculty Research Grant for $4500. Grant submitted to AAHPERD.

Kamphoff, C. S., Harris, A., Armentrout, A., & Long, A. Mental Strategies used to Overcome Pain and Adversity during the Marathon.

Kamphoff, C. S. The Development and Maintenance of Mental Toughness in Elite Marathoners. Grant submitted to the Association for Applied Sport Psychology.

Kamphoff, C. S., & LaFountaine, J. Women Coaches Experiences and Athletic Director's Perceptions of Women Coaching High School Boys. Presented at AAHPERD.

Kamphoff, C. S., Mackey, T., & Armentrout, S. Gender Bias in the Athletic Training Profession. Plan to submit to the Journal of Athletic Training.

Selected Peer-Reviewed Publications and Chapters

Kamphoff, C. S., Armentrout, S., & Driska, A. (2010). The Token Female: Women's Experiences Coaching Men at the Division I Level. Accepted in The Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 3, 297-315.

Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Bargaining with Patriarchy: Women's Coaches Experience and Their Decision to Leave Collegiate Coaching. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(3), 360-372.

Kamphoff, C. S. Gill, D., Araki, K., & Hammond, C. (2010). A Content Analysis of Cultural Diversity in the Association for Applied Sport Psychology's Conference Programs. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(2), 1-15.

Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Understanding the Change Process: A Commentary. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 5(2), 169-171.

Kamphoff, C. S., (2010). Holism in Sports Coaching: Beyond Humanistic Psychology: A Commentary. Accepted for Publication in International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 4(4), 481-483.

Gill, D., &amp Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Gender in Sport and Exercise Psychology. In Chrisler, J. C. & McCreary, D. R. (Eds.), Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology (pp. 563-586). New York: Springer.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Gender and Cultural Considerations. In Williams, J. (Ed.), Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance (pp. 417-439). Dubuque, IA: McGraw Hill.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2009). Cultural Diversity in Applied Sport Psychology. In Schinke, R. J., & Hanrahan, S. (Eds.), Cultural Sport Psychology (pp.45-56). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Sport Psychology and Representation. In Rybam T. V., Schinkle, R. J. & Tenenbaum, G. (Eds.), The Cultural Turn in Sport Psychology (pp. 53-74). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.

Armentrout, S. M. & Kamphoff, C. (2011). Organizational Barriers and Factors that Contribute to Youth Hockey Attrition. Journal of Sport Behavior. Accepted for publication.

Mackey, T., Kamphoff, C., Armstrong, J. (2010). Perceptions of Participants Involved in Peer Assisted Learning in an Professional Athletic Training Education Program. Athletic Training Education Journal, 5(1), 131-139.

Kamphoff, C.S. (2008). The UK system is failing women coaches: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 3(4), 469-472.

Kamphoff, C. S., & Gill, D. (2008). Collegiate athletes' perceptions of the coaching profession. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 3(1), 55-72.

Kamphoff, C. S., Gill, D, & Huddleston, S. (2005). Jealousy in sport: Exploring jealousy's relationship to cohesion. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(4), 290-305.

Peer-Reviewed Publications with Her Students

Kamphoff, C. S.,, Hamson-Utley, J. J, Antoine, B., Knutson, B., Thomae, J., & Hoenig, C. (2010). Athletic Training Students' Perceptions of the Importance and Effectiveness of Psychological Skills within Sport Injury Rehabilitation. Athletic Training Education Journal, 5(3), 109-116.

Stoltenberg, A., Kamphoff, C., Lindstrom Bremer, K. (2010). Transitioning Out of Sport: The Psychosocial Effects of Collegiate Athletes' Career-Ending Injuries. Accepted for publication in Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology. To appear in Winter, 2010.

Wollmuth, L., Kamphoff, C., & Lim, J. (2010). The Perceived Gender Differences of Head Coaches by Male and Female Collegiate Athletes. Accepted for publication in the Journal of Coaching Education.