Cindra Kamphoff, Ph.D.

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Cindra KamphoffAssociate Professor, Coordinator of the Sport and Exercise Psychology Graduate Program


Sheldon, Iowa

Previous Education

B.S. from the University of Northern Iowa (Psychology)

M.S. from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Sport and Exercise Psychology)

Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Sport and Exercise Psychology)

Research in Sport and Psychology

Dr. Kamphoff's general research line focuses on two areas: 1) the psychology of running and marathoning, and 2) gender and cultural diversity in sport and physical activity. She has published 18 research manuscripts, 7 book chapters, and has received over $74,900 in grants. Her research has been published in various journals including the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, The Journal of Intercollegiate Athletics, and The International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching.

Consulting Experience

Dr. Kamphoff has roughly 15 years of experience consulting with athletes, teams, and coaches at all levels (youth, high school, university, professional, etc.). She is a Certified Consultant in applied sport psychology (AASP–CC) through the Association for Applied Sport Psychology. She is also a member of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) Sport Psychology Registry which approves practitioners to work with Olympic athletes and national teams.

Dr. Kamphoff, along with faculty in the Department of Psychology, Theatre, and Music, are starting a Center for Sport and Performance Psychology that will open in University Square in January 2013. As one of the few centers of it's kind in the US, the Center is expected to make a national impact as well as help performers reach their potential in the state and local community.

She also operates her own sport psychology consulting practice called The Runner's Edge and has started the Mankato Marathon Sport Psych Team. She has been featured in Runner's World magazine and several national magazines and podcasts related to sport psychology. She has a newspaper column in the Mankato Free Press where she provides tips to help performers reach their potential.

Professional Contributions and Honors

Dr. Kamphoff recently received the Dorothy Harris Award from AASP which recognizes the significant contributions of a young professional in the field. She has delivered over 40 national and international presentations. She is the current Research and Practice Division Head with the Association for Applied Sport Psychology and serves on the editorial board of the International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching. She also received the NASPE Sport and Exercise Psychology Dissertation Award. 

Sport/Leisure Interests

Dr. Kamphoff is a competitive marathoner and recently won the Omaha Marathon. She looks forward to running the Boston Marathon for the 3rd time this Spring.

Below are pictures of Dr. Kamphoff running, presenting at the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, and speaking at the 2010 MSU Academic Affairs Convocation about the importance of imagery in performance.

Cindra Kamphoff runningCindra KamphoffCindra Kamphoff speaking on stage


Kamphoff, C. S., & LaVoi, N. Females in Positions of Power in Interscholastic Sport. Project funded by a MSU Faculty Research Grant for $4500. Grant submitted to AAHPERD.

Kamphoff, C. S., Harris, A., Armentrout, A., & Long, A. Mental Strategies used to Overcome Pain and Adversity during the Marathon.

Kamphoff, C. S. The Development and Maintenance of Mental Toughness in Elite Marathoners. Grant submitted to the Association for Applied Sport Psychology.

Kamphoff, C. S., & LaFountaine, J. Women Coaches Experiences and Athletic Director's Perceptions of Women Coaching High School Boys. Presented at AAHPERD.

Kamphoff, C. S., Mackey, T., & Armentrout, S. Gender Bias in the Athletic Training Profession. Plan to submit to the Journal of Athletic Training.


Kamphoff, C. S., Armentrout, S., & Driska, A. (2010). The Token Female: Women's Experiences Coaching Men at the Division I Level. Accepted in The Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 3, 297-315.

Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Bargaining with Patriarchy: Women's Coaches Experience and Their Decision to Leave Collegiate Coaching. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(3), 360-372.

Kamphoff, C. S. Gill, D., Araki, K., & Hammond, C. (2010). A Content Analysis of Cultural Diversity in the Association for Applied Sport Psychology's Conference Programs. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(2), 1-15.

Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Understanding the Change Process: A Commentary. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 5(2), 169-171.

Kamphoff, C. S., (2010). Holism in Sports Coaching: Beyond Humanistic Psychology: A Commentary. Accepted for Publication in International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 4(4), 481-483.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Gender in Sport and Exercise Psychology. In Chrisler, J. C. & McCreary, D. R. (Eds.), Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology (pp. 563-586). New York: Springer.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Gender and Cultural Considerations. In Williams, J. (Ed.), Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance (pp. 417-439). Dubuque, IA: McGraw Hill.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2009). Cultural Diversity in Applied Sport Psychology. In Schinke, R. J., & Hanrahan, S. (Eds.), Cultural Sport Psychology (pp.45-56). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Gill, D., & Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Sport Psychology and Representation. In Rybam T. V., Schinkle, R. J. & Tenenbaum, G. (Eds.), The Cultural Turn in Sport Psychology (pp. 53-74). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.

Armentrout, S. M. & Kamphoff, C. (2011). Organizational Barriers and Factors that Contribute to Youth Hockey Attrition. Journal of Sport Behavior. Accepted for publication.

Mackey, T., Kamphoff, C., Armstrong, J. (2010). Perceptions of Participants Involved in Peer Assisted Learning in an Professional Athletic Training Education Program. Athletic Training Education Journal, 5(1), 131-139.

Kamphoff, C.S. (2008). The UK system is failing women coaches: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 3(4), 469-472.

Kamphoff, C. S., & Gill, D. (2008). Collegiate athletes' perceptions of the coaching profession. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 3(1), 55-72.

Kamphoff, C. S., Gill, D, & Huddleston, S. (2005). Jealousy in sport: Exploring jealousy's relationship to cohesion. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(4), 290-305.


Kamphoff, C. S.,, Hamson-Utley, J. J, Antoine, B., Knutson, B., Thomae, J., & Hoenig, C. (2010). Athletic Training Students' Perceptions of the Importance and Effectiveness of Psychological Skills within Sport Injury Rehabilitation. Athletic Training Education Journal, 5(3), 109-116.

Stoltenberg, A., Kamphoff, C., Lindstrom Bremer, K. (2010). Transitioning Out of Sport: The Psychosocial Effects of Collegiate Athletes' Career-Ending Injuries. Accepted for publication in Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology. To appear in Winter, 2010.

Wollmuth, L., Kamphoff, C., & Lim, J. (2010). The Perceived Gender Differences of Head Coaches by Male and Female Collegiate Athletes. Accepted for publication in the Journal of Coaching Education.