ReferencePage address: http://ahn.mnsu.edu/athletictraining/spata/reference.html
- Hoppenfeld, S., Physical Examination of the Spine & Extremities. East Norwalk: Appleton–Century–Crofts, 1976.
- Kendall, F. P., McCreary, E. K., and Provance, P. G. Muscles Testing and Function 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1993.
- Konin, J. G., Wiksten, D. L., Isear, J. A., and Brader, H. Special Tests for Orthopedic Examination 2nd ed. Thorofare: SLACK Incorporated, 2002.
- McMinn, R. M. H., and Hutchings, R. T. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy 2nd ed. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., 1988.
- Norkin, C. C., and White, D. J. Measurement of Joint Motion: A Guide to Goniometry 2nd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 1995.
- Starkey, C., and J. L. Ryan. Evaluation of Orthopedic and Athletic Injuries 2nd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 2002.
- Starkey, C., and J. L. Ryan. Orthopedic & Athletic Injury Evaluation Handbook. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 2003.